Discussion Papers

Discussion papers comprise research papers intended for international journals and books. A preprint of a Discussion Paper may be longer and more elaborate than a standard journal article as it may include intermediate calculations, background material etc.

Articles, analysis, and publications


  1. Emission regulation: Prices, quantities and hybrids with endogenous technology choice Article 20 June

    This paper examines the investment incentives of market-based regulation, with focus on the technology characteristics the different regulatory schemes tend to incentivize.

  2. Taxation of the rich and incentives for investments. The case of Norway Article 12 May

    Taxation of capital income and wealth redistributes from the rich but may harm the Norwegian economy as business investments is distorted.

  3. Taxation of the rich and the cost of raising tax revenue Article 12 May

    Taxation of capital income and wealth designed to redistribute from the rich may harm small open economies with a globalized capital market as investments are distorted.

  4. Controlling for fixed effects in studies of income underreporting Article 4 May

    The expenditure method of Pissarides and Weber (1989) Journal of Public Economics, 39 (1), 17-32) shows how one backs out measure of income underreporting by the self-employed by using food consumption as trace of true income.

  5. Moving beyond expectations Article 8 March

    Population projections are predominantly made using the cohort-component method (CCM). The opportunities for further development within that framework are limited. Lately, with advances in technical and computational capacity, the microsimulation framework has become a serious contender.

  6. The importance of escape clauses: Firm response to thin capitalization rules Article 27 February

    Escape clauses, where small firms are exempt from particular tax rules, is a crucial feature of a number of corporate tax schemes, but creates incentives to avoid taxation by manipulating the measures that determine inclusion.

  7. U.S. tight oil supply flexibility - A multivariate dynamic model for production and rig activity Article 24 February

    This paper examines the supply of U.S. LTO from both a theoretical and empirical point of view. The theory model combines endogenous rig activity and stylized reservoir pressure mechanics with the classic Hotelling model for exhaustible resource extraction.

  8. A probabilistic forecast of the immigrant population of Norway Article 20 January

    We present a probabilistic forecast for the immigrant population of Norway and their Norwegian-born children (“second generation”) broken down by age, sex, and three types of country background: 1. West European countries plus the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand; 2. East European countries that are members of the European Union; 3. other countries.


  1. Internalizing negative environmental impacts from wind power production: Coasian bargaining, offsetting schemes and environmental taxes Article 16 December

    On the one hand, wind power production is necessary for decarbonizing the electricity sector. On the other hand, we risk replacing one environmental problem with other environmental problems, that is, stopping climate change in exchange with increased loss of pristine land and biodiversity.

  2. The cash-for-care reform and immigrant fertility. Fewer babies of poorer families? Article 9 December

    Cash-for care policies are contested in many contexts, as they represent an incentive for childrearing over work that may reduce labour market participation, especially among immigrant women.

  3. Spatial trade-offs in national land-based wind power production in times of biodiversity and climate crises Article 6 October

    Energy generated from land-based wind power is expected to play a crucial role in the decarbonisation of the economy.

  4. Directed technical change and the resource curse Article 5 October

    The "resource curse" is a potential threat to all countries relying on export income from abundant natural resources such as fossil fuels.

  5. Social security pension generosity and the effect on household saving Article 23 September

    This paper examines the substitution between pension wealth and household saving by studying Norway’s 2011 pension reform.

  6. Gender or class – What determines voting? Article 2 September

    Previous literature has found that extending the suffrage to both females and poorer voters increases the supply of public goods.

  7. Structural break in the Norwegian LFS due to the 2021 redesign Article 26 August

    The labour force surveys (LFSs) on all Eurostat countries underwent a substantial redesign in January 2021. To ensure coherent labour market time series for the main indicators in the Norwegian LFS, we model the impact of the redesign.